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Saturday, June 30, 2012

Water Boatman

Friday, June 29, 2012

My personal Baby Black Ranchu!

For the Japanese import I am importing top shelf bbr for myself. When I told my guy these fish were for me he said the breeder would need a few more days to select special fish for me. It is an honor to have a top tier Ranchu master selecting fish for me. I had a budget for these fish but it went out the widow... But doing all this work, risk and expense would have been less rewarding had I not acquired something special for myself. And no I'm not sharing the name of the breeder yet.

Friday, June 22, 2012

Use of Potassium Permanganate to Control External Infections ofOrnamental Fish EDIS FA37

Please use at your own risk.  Know what you're doing before you use KMNO4!  Read this entire document.

Dose Calculator:

Stock solution:
1 gallon + 285 grams PP = 2 ppm at 1 ml/10 gallon

1 drop/gallon = 1 ppm
2 drop/gallon = 2 ppm
20 drops = 1 ml
1 ml/10 gallons = 2 ppm (4 hour minimum bath)
5 ml/10 gallons = 10 ppm (30 minute closely watched bath)
10 drops/Gallon = 10 ppm (30 minute closely watched bath)
0.5 ml/gallon = 10 ppm (30 minute closely watched bath)
Neutralize with same volume treated with Hydrogen peroxide 3% USP

Potassium permanganate can also be used as a short-term bath at concentrations of 10 ppm (mg/L) for 30 minutes.


Stock solution Potassium Permanganate KMNO4:
1 gallon + 285 grams PP = 2 ppm at 1 ml/10 gallon
1 drop/gallon = 1 ppm
1 ml/10 gallons = 2 ppm (4 hour minimum bath)
10 drops/Gallon = 10 ppm (30 minute closely watched bath)
0.5 ml/gallon = 10 ppm (30 minute closely watched bath)

Use of Potassium Permanganate to Control External Infections of Ornamental Fish 1
Ruth Francis-Floyd and RuthEllen Klinger2
1. This document is FA37, one of a series of the Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date June, 1997. Reviewed July, 2002. Visit the EDIS Web Site at
. Florida Cooperative Extension Service / Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences / University of Florida / Larry R. Arrington, Interim Dean

Many disease problems of ornamental fish begin
as external infections. If uncontrolled, the infections
may become systemic, resulting in death of the fish.
Correct use of potassium permanganate can
effectively control many bacterial, parasitic and
fungal agents before systemic infections become
established, often eliminating the need for antibiotic
therapy. The fish owner saves money because use of
expensive antibiotics is decreased, thereby decreasing
the incidence of resistant bacterial strains. In the
ornamental trade, correct use of potassium
permanganate at the onset of an infection can also
speed the movement of fish as they do not need to be
held for lengthy (often 10–14 day) antibiotic

What is Potassium Permanganate?
Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) is an
oxidizing agent that has been used for many years in
aquaculture. It is also used in water conditioning
systems and in the plumbing industry. As an
oxidizer, it is able to chemically "burn up" organic
material. This includes undesirable organic matter
such as bacteria, parasites, and fungus, as well as
desirable material such as gill tissue and mucus.
Because the chemical cannot distinguish between
desirable and undesirable organic matter, it is up to
the individual to use the chemical in a manner that
results in maximum benefit and minimum harm to
treated fish.

Color Change Associated with Potassium Permanganate Use
When potassium permanganate is active (in its
unoxidized form), treated water turns a
pinkish-purple color. As the chemical is
"deactivated" (by oxidizing organic material), the
water color changes to yellow or muddy brown. This
color change is an important tool when monitoring
chemical treatment (discussed below); however, this
may make potassium permanganate undesirable for
use in display tanks, exhibits, or ornamental ponds.
As with many chemicals used in water, potassium
permanganate is harmful to plants and invertebrates.

Use of Potassium Permanganate
For most fish, potassium permanganate can be
administered at a concentration of 2 mg/L as a
long-term bath (four-hour minimum) in fresh water
or salt water systems. Potassium permanganate is
also reasonably safe to use in recirculating systems
and has minimal impact on biofilters when used at
2 mg/L. Treated water should retain the purple
coloration for at least four hours.
There is extensive information on the use of
potassium permangante in freshwater systems, but
much less is known about its effect in marine
systems. Fish culturists should run a small bioassay
before treating marine fish.
Some fish, including certain Lake Malawi
cichlids, are sensitive to potassium permanganate and
lower concentrations (1 mg/L) may be safer. A small
experiment run by the authors on a cichlid production
facility in southeast Florida demonstrated that 2 mg/L
KMnO4 for four hours was safe for common cichlids.
The fish owner can determine species sensitivity by
observing the behavior of the fish during treatment.
This is especially important when treating a species
for the first time. If fish react adversely, immediate
action (such as diluting the chemical with fresh
water) should be taken.
Because potassium permanganate is deactivated
by organic matter, it may be necessary to increase the
amount added to ponds or other systems where
organic material has been allowed to accumulate. A
safe way of accomplishing this is to add potassium
permanganate to the system in 2 mg/L increments. If
water color changes from purple to brown in less than
four hours from the start of the first treatment, an
additional 2 mg/L should be added. If a total
application of 6 mg/L potassium permanganate does
not result in maintenance of the purple color for at
least four hours, the system should be cleaned. Most
of the organisms that are treated with potassium
permanganate thrive in an organically rich
environment; therefore, improved sanitation can have
a tremendous impact on treatment efficacy.
Potassium permanganate can also be used as a
short-term bath at concentrations of 10 mg/L for 30
minutes. At this concentration, careful observation of
fish is mandatory to avoid mortality. This is a
convenient treatment when fish are being removed
from ponds and brought into buildings for sorting and
shipping. Following a potassium permanganate
treatment with a low concentration (2–10 ppt) of
salt (sodium chloride) as a semipermanent treatment
for several days or weeks (depending on species
treated), can be beneficial. This combination is
particularly effective in minimizing Columnaris
infections (see UF/IFAS Fact Sheet FA-11,
Columnaris Disease) after handling fish.
Potassium permanganate can be used as a surface
disinfectant at concentrations of 10 mg/L (30–60
minutes contact time) to 500 mg/L (30 seconds
contact time) in a fish room or hatchery, however,
quaternary ammonium compounds are better suited to
this purpose. Potassium permanganate will kill
bacterial, fungal and many parasitic agents, but it is
not viricidal.

Frequency of Treatment
As mentioned above, potassium permanganate is
an indiscriminate oxidizer, and as such, can burn gill
tissue and mucus of treated fish if too much chemical
is applied. A good rule of thumb to prevent excessive
damage to fish is to avoid treating them with
potassium permanganate more than once a week. If a
chemical treatment is needed for a condition that
requires more frequent application, such as treatment
for an outbreak of "Ich" (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis,
see UF/IFAS Extension Circular 920), potassium
permanganate is not a good choice.

Treatment Failure
Poor efficacy following use of potassium
permanganate is usually caused by one of three
factors: (1) incorrect or incomplete diagnosis; (2)
incorrect calculation or measurement of amount of
chemical needed; and (3) excessive organic material
in the system resulting in rapid degradation of the
chemical. Any time treatment failure occurs, sick
fish should be submitted to a diagnostic laboratory for
an accurate diagnosis. Volume of the water treated,
accuracy of calculations to determine treatment rate,
and accurate measurement (by weight) of chemical
used are essential for delivery of an appropriate
chemical dose. As mentioned above, an excessive
Use of Potassium Permanganate to Control External Infections of Ornamental Fish 3
amount of organic matter in the system will result in
rapid deactivation of potassium permanganate, and
therefore contact time with active chemical will be
inadequate for effective treatment. This is often a
problem in heavily stocked ponds.

Determining the Amount of Potassium Permanganate to Use
To calculate the amount of chemical required, a
simple formula can be used:
Amount of Chemical = Volume x
Conversion Factor x Treatment Rate
If the pond or tank volume is measured in
gallons, the conversion factor is 0.0038 and the
answer will be given in grams (see Table 1 for other
conversion factors).
For a treatment rate of 2 mg/L, this formula
would be:
Grams of Chemical = Gallons Treated x
0.0038 x 2 mg/L
Therefore, to treat a 250-gallon vat, the grams of
potassium permanganate needed are:
Grams needed = (250 gal) x (0.0038) x (2
mg/L) = 1.9 grams
An inexpensive gram scale can be obtained by
purchasing a dietary scale at your local grocery store
or pharmacy. One level teaspoon of potassium
permanganate weighs about 7.0 grams.
Table 1. Common Conversion Factors for Use in Calculation
of Amount of Chemical to Use in a Unit Volume of Water for a
Concentration of 1 ppm (1 mg/L).
Units Conversion Factor
grams/gallon 0.0038
pounds/acre-foot 2.72
grams/cubic foot 0.0283
pounds/cubic foot 0.000062

Use of a Stock Solution
An alternative method of measuring potassium
permanganate is to mix a stock solution. A stock
solution is a concentrated solution of chemical from
which small amounts can be taken to treat tanks as
needed. This is useful when either multiple tanks or
multiple treatments are needed. An easy way to
make up a stock solution for potassium permanganate
is to purchase a one-gallon bottle of distilled water,
weigh 285 grams of potassium permanganate, add it
to the solution, and mix thoroughly. This stock
solution will deliver a dose of 1 mg/L when delivered
at a rate of one drop per gallon. Therefore, to achieve
the desired concentration of 2 mg/L, the stock
solution can be delivered at a rate of two drops per
gallon. The stock solution should be stored in a cool,
dark area and be replaced annually.
When treating larger systems, it is useful to
remember that 20 drops are equal to 1 milliliter (ml),
or one cubic centimeter (cc) if measuring the liquid
with a syringe. Therefore, 1 ml of stock solution will
treat ten gallons of water with a concentration of 2

Safety Precautions When Handling
Potassium Permanganate
Potassium permanganate is fairly safe to handle,
however, all chemicals should be treated with respect.
Potassium permanganate will easily stain clothing
and skin. Brown discoloration of skin is not painful,
but it may be unsightly and takes several days to
disappear. Brown stains to clothing can be
permanent. Protective eye wear, gloves and clothing
are recommended when handling potassium
Fish farmers and aquarists do occasionally mix
chemicals. It is important that formalin and
potassium permanganate are NEVER mixed as the
combination can be explosive.

Potassium permanganate is an oxidizer which
can be used to "disinfect" the external surfaces of
fish. It effectively removes most external parasites,
as well as fungal and bacterial agents. Most fish can
Use of Potassium Permanganate to Control External Infections of Ornamental Fish 4
be treated by prolonged immersion in a 2 mg/L
potassium permanganate solution (water must retain
a purple color for at least four hours), although some
species may be sensitive to it and may not tolerate a
full strength (2 mg/L) bath. Because of its harsh
oxidizing properties, potassium permanganate should
not be applied to fish more frequently than once per
week or mortality may result. It is safe to use in
marine and recirculating systems at 2 mg/L.
Potassium permanganate can stain skin and clothing
so care is suggested when handling it. The chemical
should NEVER be mixed directly with formalin as
an explosion or fire could result.

Japanese Medaka Imports!

These medaka strains will possibly be in the Japanese Import.

Albino Medaka

Black Dragon Medaka 

 Black Medaka 

Blue Medaka

 Blue Skeleton Red Cheek Daruma Medaka

 Hatsukoi "First Love" Medaka

White Daruma Medaka

White Skeleton Red Cheek Medaka

White Medaka

Thursday, June 21, 2012

Last will and testament of Wilfred

Keep Digging.

Small Opportunities...

"Small opportunities are often the beginning of great enterprises"

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

200 square feet of ponds

130 watt UV sterilizer

2.5 cubic foot Aquabead and blower

8x 300 gallon Laguna ponds

Lp80 medo linear piston blower and 1 foot Airstones

Monday, June 18, 2012

Dragon fly exoskeleton from hornwort tub

The day I found this there was a black and white dragon fly and a red dragon fly in the yard.

Thursday, June 14, 2012

DIY Ultraviolet Sterilizer for Japanese Import system

I am building this unit into the supply manifold for the new system.  It will have two 65 watt UV bulbs and run on emperor aquatic ballasts.

It will be very similar in design to this unit but instead of a U shape vessel it will be a more linear design.

From paper to reality

Ready to install

Installed and ready to Zap the water

Polycarbonate sleeve support

The dry end

Sleeve support, spacer and fernco boot

The End

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

YouTube Examples of breeds in the Japanese Import



Toukai Nishiki (Jikin tail type)


 Edo Nashiki

 Azuma nashiki


 Osaka Ranchu

 Topview Oranda

Friday, June 8, 2012

Azuma Nishiki: Japanese Calico Oranda WEB Content

These are examples from youtube to show the various types.

"Azuma Nishiki" was Created by KATOU Kinzou in 1931 Yokohama. This type is called "Hon Azuma" (True Azuma. Original Azuma.) now. It had been popular Fish as Ranchu. Even a famous old Ranchu club has the name from it. but It lost popularity for some reasons. and then because the Head is not enough fat. Suzuki Fish Farm crossed it with "Hama Nishiki". that line is called "Suzuki Azuma". Suzuki Azuma is now the most popular and looks good. Those 2 lines has different Head Face & Cheak also the Color. "Hon Azuma" has more Pale Sky Blue on Body. Round head like Oranda. and It should have Red head, Front Spread side Tail bones and Snake Eye Dots on Tail.

Suzuki Azuma-Nishiki (Azuma-Nishiki x Hama-Nishiki 1979) The Head (Funtan = Cheak Bump, Tokin = Helmet), Body and Texture of Colors are different from Hon-Azuma.

Original Azuma-Nishiki. (Original Oranda x Calico Dragon Eye.1931)

Izumo Nankin: Japanese Import

These are videos gleened from youtube to show the Izumo Nankin form which will be imported to the Goldfish Garage this month.

Thursday, June 7, 2012

Osaka Ranchu 大阪らんちゅう

The Japanese import will have the Osaka Ranchu include!  These are examples from Youtube of the Osaka Ranchu.

Tuesday, June 5, 2012

Japanese Import!

The order is going in soon, don't miss out on this once a decade import.  Please let me know what you'd like via email goldfishgarage AT

Best fishes

Smaller fish will be $100 to $150, larger fish $250 to $400.

RYUKIN RYUKIN Fantail Goldfish 5-7cm
RYUKIN 8-9cm
RYUKIN AAA 3years 12-14cm

EDO NISHIKI 3years 12-13cm




JIKIN JIKIN JIKIN mix color 5-6cm

TOKAI NISHIKI longfin JIKIN HQ 13-15cm


OSAKA RANCHU OSAKA RANCHU Osaka Old sytle Ranchu 5cm

AZUMA NISHIKI top view Calico Oranda top view AZUMA HQ 11-13cm

ORANDA top view ORANDA top view ORANDA HQ-STD 7-8cm
ORANDA top view ORANNA HQ 12-14cm

Calico TOSAKIN Calico Tosakin Calico Tosakin HQ-STD 5-6cm
Calico Tosakin Calico Tosakin HQ 8-10cm

RANCHU RANCHU  black baby 4cm
RANCHU  color changed 4-6cm

Monday, June 4, 2012

300 gallon storage tank

Great for aging water.

Sodium Thiosulfate Dechlorinator Solution

Sodium thiosulfate is a very safe and effective chlorine treatment (Does not treat chloramines but will threat the chlorine and your biofilter will eat the liberated ammonia, or buy cloramX from  Below are two stock solutions made up for 1 liter and 1 Quart.  To make the stock solutions that treat 50 gallons per mL or 250 gallons per teaspoon simply follow the recipe below.  Or you can utilize the fact that Sodium thiosulfate has a solubility of 701 grams per Liter of water.  Simply take your container, add hot water as sodium thiosulfate (it's endothermic in water, it gets cold when it dissolves) and add it until it will no longer dissolve.  You now have a saturated solution that will treat 1 ppm chlorine in 50 gallons at 1 ml.